Infertility

Infertility affects men and women worldwide.

It is estimated that about 14% of couples experience infertility during their reproductive life; when converted to the general population, this translates to about 50 to 80 million people worldwide for whom infertility is a cause of personal suffering and family breakdown.

It is estimated that there are about 2 million new infertile couples each year and the number is growing.

What is an infertile marriage?

An infertile marriage is the absence of pregnancy within 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.

Why 12 months?

This period is determined statistically: it has been proven that 30% of healthy couples get pregnant in the first three months of life together, another 60% – during the next seven, the remaining 10% – eleven to twelve months after the beginning of sexual activity.

Thus, a year is a sufficient period to assess the fertility of the couple.

The methods of modern medicine can solve this problem in the vast majority of cases. A doctor obstetrician-gynecologist (reproductologist) will help to determine the form of infertility and possible ways to solve the problem.

What are the forms of infertility?

Since it is correct to talk about infertile marriage, distinguish female infertility, male infertility, combined and “unexplained” infertility.

Female infertility is a woman’s inability to conceive due to various disorders in her reproductive system (“Causes of Female Infertility”). In turn, female infertility is primary (the woman has not had a single pregnancy) and secondary (pregnancy in the past has occurred, but after that is absent for 1 year of regular unprotected sexual activity).

Male infertility is the inability of a man to conceive, due to a variety of disorders in his body. Male factor is considered the cause of infertile marriage if the woman is healthy and the man has impaired fertilizing ability of sperm, pathology of sexual or ejaculatory (ejaculatory) function. (“Male Infertility”).

A combined form of infertility is a combination of male and female factors of infertility. According to literature data combined factor infertility occurs in 20-25% of cases of marital infertility!

Unexplained infertility. In some couples, even with the most careful examination, doctors still can not identify any apparent cause of infertility. In this case they speak of unexplained infertility or infertility of unclear genesis (“Unexplained infertility”).